Sometimes people shy away from apologetics and philosophy because the subject can become complex, or what some people call “deep.”
Some of the arguments for the existence of God are a bit complex and hard to follow, or at least they can seem that way.
So, as an exercise, I’ve tried to make the simplest argument for God that I could.
A Simple Cosmological Argument for God:
- Either the universe is eternal (uncaused), came from nothing, created itself, or has an external cause.
- The universe is not eternal, did not come from nothing, and did not create itself.
- The universe has an external cause.
- If the universe has an external cause, that cause must be immaterial and eternal.
- The universe has an external cause that is immaterial and eternal.
- This cause is what we call God.
The universe cannot be eternal for the obvious: there could not have been a past eternal number of events that led to the present moment. This is logically impossible.
Why? Because actual infinites are impossible. We can imagine a string of numbers going infinitely into the past and infinitely into the future, but that is just imagination with abstract objects.
This is impossible in physical reality. Imagine the universe never began and there was an infinite number of events between now and some point in the past.
Say you traveled half the distance between now and then. How far would you have to go?
You would still have an infinite number of events to pass through before reaching the present moment. In other words, you would never get to the present moment.
But here we are in the present moment. Considering the universe is winding down, we would have already experienced that heat death we have been promised, if the universe was past eternal.
Therefore, clearly the universe is not eternal.
Everything from Nothing
It is logically impossible for something to come from nothing. When physicist like Lawrence Krauss say they can prove something from nothing, they are lying.
They can prove something tiny came from a quantum vacuum – which is not nothing. In order to get to something, there would at least have to be potential, but potential is not nothing either.
Nothing is defined as: no properties, no powers, and no potential. It is impossible to get something from that.
It is impossible for something to create itself because it would have to already exist.
In order for x to bring x into being, x must already exist in order to bring x into being. This would essentially reduce to an eternal universe, which has already been addressed.
We are left with no other option than to conclude that the universe has an external cause that brought it into being.
Now, since the universe is defined as all of matter, space, and time; it follows logically that the cause of the universe must not be bound by any of those things, otherwise we would not be talking about all matter, space, and time because those things would be found in the cause of the universe too and we would be right back where we started.
Now, since we are talking about all matter, space, and time; the external cause could not have been composed or bound by those things.
Which means this external cause is immaterial, eternal, and space-less.
Whatever else we mean by the word God, we mean this external cause of the universe.